- Merhaba Arkadaşlar , bugünkü dersimizde modals yani kipler konusunu işleyeceğiz.. Kiplerin içerisinde yer alan Must, Have To, Should, Can, Could, Would, May kelimelerin kavramlarınıda öğreneceksiniz. Can – ebilmek , Shouldu – meli, malı , must ,zorunluluk bildirir. Malı , meli. have to zorunluluk -mek , – mak. Bu kavramlarımız ile ilgili örneklerimiz videomuzun içerisinde yer alıyor. 8. sınıf Modals (Must, Have To, Should, Can, Could, Would, May) , modals konu anlatimi , modals test , modals exercise,Must, Have To, Should, Can, Could, Would, May
|Auxiliary||Uses||Present / future||Past|
|may||1. Polite request||May I borrow your pen?|
|2. Formal permission||You may leave the room.|
|3. Less than 50% certainty||A: Where’s Tom?
B: He may be at the office.
|He may have beenat the office.|
|might||1. Less than 50% certainty||A: Where’s Tom?
B: He might be at the office.
|He might have been at the office.|
|2. polite request||Might I borrow your pen?|
|should||1. advisability||I should help my father in the morning.||I should havehelped my fatheryesterday.|
|2. 90% certainty||She should pass the exam!(future only, not present)||She should have passed the exam!|
|ought to||1. advisability||I ought to study tonight||I ought to have studied last night|
|2. 90% certainty||She ought to do well on the test. (future only, not present)||She ought to have studied last night.|
|had better||1. advisability with threat of bad result||You had better be on time, or we will leave without you.||(past form uncomon)|
|be supposed to||1. expectation||He is supposed to come at 12.||He was supposed to come at 12.|
|be to||1. strong expectation||You are to be here at 9:00.||You were to behere at 9:00|
|must||1. strong necessity||I must go to class today||I had to go to class yesterday|
|2. prohibition (negative)||You must not open that door.|
|3. 95% certainty||Mary isn’t in class. She must be sick (present only)||Mary must have been sick yesterday.|
|have to||1. necessity||I have to go to class today.||I had to go to class yesterday|
|2. lack of necessity (negative)||I don’t have to go to class today.||I had to go to class yesterday.|
|have got to||1. necessity||I have got to go to class today.||I had to go to class yesterday.|
|will||1. 100% certainty||He will be here at 6:00 ((future only)|
|2. willingness||The phone’s ringing.
I’ll get it.
|3. polite request||Will you please pass the salt?|
|be going to||1. 100% certainty||He is going to be here at 6:00 (future only)|
|2. definite plan||I’m going to paint my bedroom. (future only)||I was going to paint my room, but I didn’t have time.|
|can||1. ability / possibility||I can run fast.||I could run fast when I was a child but now I can’t.|
|2. informal permission||You can use my car tomorrow.|
|3. informal polite request||Can I borrow your pen?|
|4. impossibility (negative only)||That can’t be true!||That can’t have been true!|
|could||1. past ability||I could run fast when I was a child.|
|2. polite request||Could I borrow your pen?
Could you help me?
|3. suggestion||A: I need help in English.
B: You could talk to your English teacher.
|You could have talked to your teacher.|
|4. less than 50% certainty||A: Where’s John?
B: He could be at home.
|He could have been at home.|
|5. impossibility (negative only).||That couldn’t be true!||That couldn’t have been true!|
|be able to||1. ability||I am able to help you. I will be able to help you.||I was able to helphim.|
|would||1. polite request||Would you please pass salt?Would you mind if I left early?|
|2. preference||I would rather go to the park than stay home.||I would rather have gone to the park.|
|3. repeated action in the past||When I was a child, Iwould visit my grandmother every weekend.|
|used to||1. repeated action in the past||When I was a child, Iwould visit my grandmother every weekend.|
|shall||1. polite question to make a suggestions||Shall I open the window?|
|2. future with “I” or “we” as subject||I shall leave at nine. (will =more common)|